Fractional ablative laser therapy for burn scars has been popular lately in all parts of the world. This article has been intended to provide vital information about this therapy to help you understand it better.
NORMAL HEALING AND MATURATION OF BURN SCARS:
The time taken by a burn scar to heal largely depends upon the depth of the injury to the skin.
When the burn wounds are superficial, healing process takes place in the form of re-growth of superficial layer of the skin, which is also called epidermis. The healing process may result in minimal to no scarring with minor changes in the skin coloration.
In case of deep burn injuries, the burn wound tends to remain open for number of days and it leads to healing process by shrinking of the burn tissue and laying down of the scar. Many times, the deeper burn wounds may cause scarring and at times contractures. The tight scars that are left afterwards can limit the joint movements.
HOW DOES FRACTIONAL LASER THERAPY WORK?
Carbon dioxide laser is absorbed by water in tissues causing damage or vaporization of the tissue depending on the amount of energy in the laser light.
Generally speaking, laser is the term given to the light energy of a single frequency of light that is concentrated in a beam. When this concentrated beam is used to treat the burn scar, it helps to vaporize the old scar and also creates a new wound that results in the healing process.
WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS?
Redness and swelling are the most common side effects that can occur after the treatment, but both are self limiting.The redness can last for a maximum of two weeks. To conceal the redness, patients can use makeup. Often times, the treated skin feels "dry" for up to three to four days but it gradually resolves after peeling takes place. Peeling of the skin may occur five to seven days after the procedure has been performed.
Pain after the procedure is minimal for majority of the patients. The patients are recommended to avoid exposure to sun and also wear sun protecting agents for about one month after the procedure. Sun protection is imperative to avoid any types of pigmentary changes.
WHAT DECIDES THE FREQUENCY OF THE TREATMENT?
The nature of the scar sustained largely decides the same. We generally recommend 3- 5 sittings of the procedure at our clinic, which are about four to six weeks apart. After the procedure, the patient can perform all routine activities from bathing to getting back to work. The treatment area doesn't require placement of any dressings or intake of medicines post procedure.
Aftercare will be in the form of keeping the treated areas hydrated by applying medicated moisturising creams , as advised by physician.
At Kyra Clinic, for laser therapy, we use US-FDA approved Fractional CO2 laser by DEKA. This renowned technology is not only one of the latest advancements in the field but also offers high quality results in minimum possible time.
The use of latest technology combined with the expertise of Dr. Vikas Gawri, gives our clients the best results for skin resurfacing in burn scars.